Qwhen to use it? And with what precautions to have? What is it for? Everything you need to know about mandelic acid
Dark spots, wrinkles, dullness and acne are some of the aesthetic imperfections which can be treated with mandelic acid. In the panorama of alpha-hydroxy acids (the acids that chemically exfoliate the skin), mandelic acid is considered the most delicate. They say it dermatological research and empirical evidence testifies to this. For this reason, it is intended for more fragile skin or even as a “springboard” for more subsequent acids strong, such as glycolic or pyruvic. It is not uncommon, in fact, that in the chemical peeling sessions, the aesthetic doctor tests the patient’s skin tolerability to AHAs.
But what exactly is it? And what
is it for? What are its benefits? Read on to learn more
about mandelic acid and how to use it for the benefit of your skin.
Mandelic acid: what is it?
Mandelic acid derives from bitter almonds. It is an alpha hydroxy acid, mainly studied for use against acne. Alpha hydroxy acids are natural and synthetic ingredients that offer skin care benefits: from exfoliation to increased hydration and firmness.
The benefits for the skin
In addition to exfoliating, mandelic acid brings very interesting epidermal benefits. However, remember that, unlike stronger acids, it acts in a longer time.
Gentle on the skin
One major benefit of mandelic acid is that it can be gentler on the skin than other alpha hydroxy acids. This makes it the ideal choice for those with sensitive skin. This sweetness appears to be due to the fact that mandelic acid is one of the alpha hydroxy acids with the largest molecule and, consequently, penetrates the skin more slowly. This makes it less irritating and aggressive.
Accelerate cell turnover
Mandelic acid accelerates cell turnover and acts as a powerful exfoliant to remove dead skin cells. For this reason, it is found in some products such as gels, lotions, tonics and serums. Due to its delicacy, it can also be used in summer, but it is better to reserve it for the evening. And never miss a cream with SPF sunscreen.
Promotes the production of collagen
Mandelic acid also improves the appearance of the skin because it promotes the production of collagen, which is the main protein present in the skin and connective tissue, responsible for the compactness of the epidermis. The results of using mandelic acid vary from person to person, but some, after a couple of weeks of use, notice a noticeable difference in skin tone that is firmer.
The different ones
uses of mandelic acid
Mandelic acid can help
the resolution of various skin problems. Here are which ones.
Sebum, bacteria, dead cells and inflammations can trigger acne. Using skincare products containing mandelic acid helps regulate sebum production, unclog pores and reduce inflammation. This can further result in a lower incidence of acne episodes. A recent study published in PubMed found that a 45% mandelic acid peel was as effective as a 30% salicylic acid peel in treating mild to moderate acne. The study also found that mandelic acid may be more effective than salicylic acid in treating inflammatory acne (papules and pustules), with fewer side effects.
In favor of smooth skin
The exfoliating action of mandelic acid removes dead skin cells. The result? A firmer and smoother skin. And obviously brighter.
Enemy of dark spots…
Used consistently and in combination with other acids, mandelic acid may also have some lightening properties for dark spots, such as those seen in melasma and photoaging. A study published in 1999 shows that mandelic acid can reduce melasma hyperpigmentation by up to 50% in about four weeks.
… and wrinkles
According to a study published in 2013 on PubMed, chemical peels with mandelic acid can help stimulate collagen production, the production of which tends to decrease with age. This can help smooth out the appearance of wrinkles, revealing a younger look.
for mandelic acid
Although mandelic acid is considered gentle on sensitive skin, you should consult a dermatologist before starting any new facial treatments. A dermatologist can give you guidance – based on your individual needs – on how to properly integrate mandelic acid into your skincare regimen and which products to use.
As we have seen, mandelic acid is well tolerated by most skins. But it is recommended to stop using it if you notice skin manifestations, such as: redness, swelling and itching.
If theskin irritation develops after several days or weeks of using mandelic acid, this could be due to overuse. Just reduce the frequency of use from daily to 3 times a week to see the skin normalize. If discomfort persists, see your dermatologist.