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Types of acne and pimples: how to recognize them (and fight them)


Age, lifestyle and genetic predisposition can affect the type of acne. A necessary premise to say that, as with many other things concerning the skin, there is no one-size-fits-all solution. Only an expert will be able to tell us the types of acne we suffer from and what kind of treatment is good for our skin. In the meantime, let’s try to clarify the issue.

The types of acne

Let’s do one first distinction between acne and pimples, two different and often confused problems. L’acne is a disease of the pilo-sebaceous follicle, responsible for the appearance of non-inflammatory lesions (comedones or “blackheads“) And inflammatory lesions (papules, pustules, nodules and cysts), more or less severe. “Exist different types of acne – specifies Luigi Esposito, dermatologist of the Vita Cutis Dermoclinic Institute in Milan -. Let’s talk about mild acne characterized by blackheads and small pustules, moderate acne, in which inflammation prevail as more evident papules e severe acne which, on the other hand, in addition to having even larger nodules and papules, often has scars preceded by red spots on the skin, a typical expression of inflammation in progress. They are called atrophic scars and are real depressions on the skin in the area of ​​inflammation. They are the result of the loss of tissue caused by the alteration of collagen fibers during the healing process ».

Types of acne: the difference between acne and pimples

“The acne lesions they are divided into “non-inflammatory” and “inflammatory” – he specifies Cristina Della Beffa, Marketing Manager Rilastil-. The former are characterized by the presence of comedones, commonly known as blackheads and whiteheads. The latter manifest themselves with more important lesions such as papules, pustules and even nodules. Most of the subjects suffer from mild acne. It can be treated using specific detergents and dermocosmetics ». In essence, therefore, «acne is the name that identifies the pathology defined as“ chronic inflammatory dermatosis ”. It can be caused by several factors and should not be confused with the occasional appearance of pimples or small imperfections linked, for example, to lifestyle and nutrition ». Different problems, therefore, must be treated differently. Let’s see together how.

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How to prevent pimples and acne from appearing

«Therapies can be topical when we are in the presence of mild acne, both systemic – explains Esposito-. My advice is to always take care of the entire skin of the face even if there are few manifestations and very localized because it is necessary to prevent the onset of pimples in areas where there are none ». Attention, then, to don’t squeeze pimples! Very common practice, it can actually cause a worsening of the situation. “The pus that comes out from the inside contains inflamed cells that can stimulate the activation of other inflammation in the neighboring areas of the face – says the dermatologist -. In addition, by “squeezing” the blackheads and pustules we can leave marks on the skin with the appearance of other red spots and abrasions. excoriated acne, a situation that takes months, if not years, to disappear ».

What to do to treat all types of acne in the best way (+ a last minute remedy)

«In addition to asking a dermatologist – continues Esposito – you have to act every day with one ad hoc therapy using special topical products with sebum-regulating and antibacterial action. If necessary, therapeutic booster products can also be used on individual areas. For cover a pimple that appeared at the last minuteinstead, it can be useful to use a green corrector which neutralizes the discolorations, then applying a foundation ».

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Goodbye acne: the best creams for all ages